As the process of industrialisation progresses and the associated problems re?ated to it such as biodiversity depletion, climate change and a worsening of health and living conditions- especially but not only in developing countries - intensify, there is a perceived needed to search for integrated solutions to make development more sustainable. The current model of economic growth used by many countries, heavily based on the exploitation of natural resources, is not viable and there are many evidences which show that a more careful, i.e. a more sustainable approach to the use of our limited resources, is needed.
The United Nations has acknowledged the problem and among other measures, it produced a set of document at the latest UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in June 2012. In September 2015, the UN General Assembly approved the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. On 1st January 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development officially came into force. The goals cover the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection. The 17 SDGs are:
- Goal 1 End poverty in all its forms everywhere
- Goal 2 End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and
- promote sustainable agriculture
- Goal 3 Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
- Goal 4 Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote
- lifelong learning opportunities for all
- Goal 5 Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
- Goal 6 Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and
- sanitation for all
- Goal 7 Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern
- energy for all
- Goal 8 Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth,
- full and productive employment and decent work for all
- Goal 9 Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable
- industrialization and foster innovation
- Goal 10 Reduce inequality within and among countries
- Goal 11 Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and
- Goal 12 Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
- Goal 13 Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts*
- Goal 14 Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine
- resources for sustainable development
- Goal 15 Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial
- ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
- Goal 16 Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable
- development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
- Goal 17 Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global
- partnership for sustainable development
Over the next 13 years, with these new Goals and the 169 targets that universally apply to all countries, nations are expected to mobilize efforts to end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change. The SDGs recognise that global efforts towards ending poverty need to be supported by strategies that build economic growth and addresses a range of social needs in areas as varied as education, health, social protection, and job opportunities, while tackling climate change and environmental protection.
But as previous experiences gathered during the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals (which have preceded the SDGs) have shown, policy making and the setting of objectives alone are unlikely to suffice in addressing the sustainability problems seen today, and those expected in the future. In order to increase the likelihood that it yields the expected benefits, the implementation of the SDGs needs to be supported by high caliber, high impact sustainability research on the one hand, but also by training and technology transfer on the other.
In order to address this need, the World Sustainable Development Research and Transfer Centre (WSD-RTC) has been created. WSD-RTCis a multi-stakeholder, academic based research and transfer centre, which congregates the best available knowledge and technologies on sustainable development, in support of the implementation of the SDGs.
The philosophy of WSD-RTC is that the holistic implementation of sustainability measures requires not only political decision-making, but also concrete research, capacity-building and technology transfer, as well as improved collaboration and information and data exchanges among institutions.
The setting up of the WSD-RTC will entail the signing if a Memorandum of Understanding with the cooperating organisations, with which it will act as a cooperation partner in the implementation of the SDGs.
Letzte Änderung: 07.03.17
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