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(PLEASE SEND YOUR ABSTRACT EXACTLY WITH THE FORMAT BELOW TO:
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Ecosystem services in adaptation projects in West Africa
Kennedy Wahome Muthee
Department of Environmental Science, School of Environmental Studies, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya
Cheikh Mbow START International, Washington, DC, USA
Geoffrey Mugo Macharia Department of Environmental Science, School of Environmental Studies, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya,
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The purpose of this paper is to assess the extent to which adaptation projects have incorporated ecosystem services, as well as their redesigning options. The projects selected are listed under the National Adaptation Programme of Action in the West African region. A desktop survey approach was used to review 168 projects from 13 countries across West Africa. The projects were categorized and analyzed according to their adaptation goals, thematic focus, their implementation duration and level of investment. The adaptation initiatives are dominated by actions in the agricultural sector, accounting for 32 per cent of the total. Further, they were characterized by small grants consideration with 63 per cent falling under US$1m budget, short-term implementation duration with 46 per cent having three years’ execution period. A large portion of projects (55 per cent) mentioned directly one or more ecosystem services, with provisioning services being referred to in 50 per cent of the cases.
The study identified the fact that adaptation projects with ecosystem services components are more sustainable and beneficial to the community. Hence, more consideration of nature benefits during project design, more financial consideration and localizing of the projects to realize the global adaptation goal should be considered.